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11/10/2015

El Greco Paintings

El Greco (1541 - April 7, 1614) was a painter, sculptor, and architect of the Spanish Renaissance. He usually signed his paintings in Greek letters with his full name, Domenicos Theotokopoulos, underscoring his Greek origin

El Greco was born in Crete, which was at that time part of the Republic of Venice, and the centre of Post-Byzantine art. He trained and became a master within that tradition before travelling at age 26 to Venice, as other Greek artists had done. In 1570 he moved to Rome, where he opened a workshop and executed a series of works. During his stay in Italy, El Greco enriched his style with elements of Mannerism and of the Venetian Renaissance. In 1577 he moved to Toledo, Spain, where he lived and worked until his death. In Toledo, El Greco received several major commissions and produced his best known paintings. (From Wikipedia)

 Greco, El (1541-1614). Cretan-born painter, sculptor, and architect who settled in Spain and is regarded as the first great genius of the Spanish School. He was known as El Greco (the Greek), but his real name was Domenikos Theotocopoulos; and it was thus that he signed his paintings throughout his life, always in Greek characters, and sometimes followed by Kres (Cretan).

Little is known of his youth, and only a few works survive by him in the Byzantine tradition of icon painting, notably the recently discovered Dormition of the Virgin (Church of the Koimesis tis Theotokou, Syros). In 1566 he is referred to in a Cretan document as a master painter; soon afterwards he went to Venice (Crete was then a Venetian possession), then in 1570 moved to Rome. The miniaturist Giulio Clovio, whom he met there, described him as a pupil of Titian, but of all the Venetian painters Tintoretto influenced him most, and Michelangelo's impact on his development was also important.
Among the surviving works of his Italian period are two paintings of the Purification of the Temple (Minneapolis Institute of Arts, and NG, Washington), a much-repeated theme, and the portrait of Giulio Clovio (Museo di Capodimonte, Naples). By 1577 he was at Toledo, where he remained until his death, and it was there that he matured his characteristic style in which figures elongated into flame-like forms and usually painted in cold, eerie, bluish colors express intense religious feeling. The commission that took him to Toledo -- the high altarpiece of the church of S. Domingo el Antiguo -- was gained through Diego de Castilla, Dean of Canons at Toledo Cathedral, whom El Greco had met in Rome. The central part of the altarpiece, a 4-m. high canvas of The Assumption of the Virgin (Art Institute of Chicago, 1577), was easily his biggest work to date, but he carried off the dynamic composition triumphantly. A succession of great altarpieces followed throughout his career, the two most famous being El Espolio (Christ Stripped of His Garments) (Toledo Cathedral, 1577-79) and The Burial of Count Orgaz (S. Tomé, Toledo, 1586-88). These two mighty works convey the awesomeness of great spiritual events with a sense of mystic rapture, and in his late work El Greco went even further in freeing his figures from earth-bound restrictions; The Adoration of the Shepherds (Prado, Madrid, 1612-1614), painted for his own tomb, is a prime example.

 

From El Greco Paintings

 

 

el greco st luke painting 13112

el greco st luke painting 13112

el greco the virgin and child with st martina and st agnes painting 13100

el greco the virgin and child with st martina and st agnes painting 13100

el greco portrait of a man painting 13008

el greco portrait of a man painting 13008

el greco st martin and the beggar painting 13043

el greco st martin and the beggar painting 13043

el greco the annunciation 7 painting 13061

el greco the annunciation 7 painting 13061

el greco the coronation of the virgin painting 13068

el greco the coronation of the virgin painting 13068

el greco the marriage of the virgin painting 13082

el greco the marriage of the virgin painting 13082

el greco christ as saviour painting 13001

el greco christ as saviour painting 13001

el greco a prelate painting 12972

el greco a prelate painting 12972

el greco christ carrying the cross painting 13002

el greco christ carrying the cross painting 13002

el greco the burial of the count of orgaz painting 13066

el greco the burial of the count of orgaz painting 13066

el greco st peter in penitence painting 13044

el greco st peter in penitence painting 13044

el greco saint peter painting 13021

el greco saint peter painting 13021

el greco the annunciation 5 painting 13059

el greco the annunciation 5 painting 13059

el greco st joseph and the christ child painting 13041

el greco st joseph and the christ child painting 13041

el greco apostle st simon painting 13119

el greco apostle st simon painting 13119

el greco saint jerome penitent painting 13020

el greco saint jerome penitent painting 13020

el greco an allegory with a boy lighting a candle in the company of an ape and a fool fabula painting 12976

el greco an allegory with a boy lighting a candle in the company of an ape and a fool fabula painting 12976

el greco the holy family with st mary magdalen painting 13077

el greco the holy family with st mary magdalen painting 13077

el greco saints peter and paul painting 13022

el greco saints peter and paul painting 13022

el greco st john the evangelist painting 13038

el greco st john the evangelist painting 13038

el greco the annunciation painting 13062

el greco the annunciation painting 13062

el greco the holy family painting 13078

el greco the holy family painting 13078

el greco a boy blowing on an ember to light a candle painting 12970

el greco a boy blowing on an ember to light a candle painting 12970

el greco annunciation painting 12982

el greco annunciation painting 12982

el greco christ carrying the cross painting 13003

el greco christ carrying the cross painting 13003

el greco the purification of the temple painting 13090

el greco the purification of the temple painting 13090

el greco the adoration of the name of jesus painting 13051

el greco the adoration of the name of jesus painting 13051

el greco the last supper painting 13079

el greco the last supper painting 13079

el greco the virgin mary painting 13102

el greco the virgin mary painting 13102

el greco portrait of dominican or trinitarian friar painting 13015

el greco portrait of dominican or trinitarian friar painting 13015

el greco the trinity painting 13098

el greco the trinity painting 13098

el greco apostle st thaddeus jude painting 12994

el greco apostle st thaddeus jude painting 12994

el greco the holy family painting 13074

el greco the holy family painting 13074

el greco allegory of the camaldolese order painting 12975

el greco allegory of the camaldolese order painting 12975

el greco apostles peter and paul painting 13120

el greco apostles peter and paul painting 13120

el greco portrait of the artist s son jorge manuel theotokopoulos painting 13017

el greco portrait of the artist s son jorge manuel theotokopoulos painting 13017

el greco the annunciation 6 painting 13060

el greco the annunciation 6 painting 13060

el greco the modena triptych front panels painting 13084

el greco the modena triptych front panels painting 13084

el greco st john the baptist painting 13048

el greco st john the baptist painting 13048

el greco portrait of cardinal tavera painting 13013

el greco portrait of cardinal tavera painting 13013

el greco st joseph and the christ child painting 13040

el greco st joseph and the christ child painting 13040

el greco the adoration of the shepherds painting 13052

el greco the adoration of the shepherds painting 13052

el greco the assumption of the virgin painting 13063

el greco the assumption of the virgin painting 13063

el greco christ painting 13004

el greco christ painting 13004